Pergamum, Thyatira and Sardis

John is in Patmos, he probably thought his preaching days were over: he was now an old man and he is exiled on the island of Patmos. In spite of this he is to take on the most important job of his life: to see the future and to deliver a message to the churches that is frightening, awe inspiring and ultimately greatly encouraging and motivating.

Ephesus and Smyrna

There’s an old hymn tune entitled ‘Church Triumphant’. It’s a great tune (often sung to the words ‘I know that my redeemer lives’) but I wonder at that title. We’re about to meet seven churches and their dominant characteristics are hardly triumphant. But as we will see there is an ultimate victory to be secured.

Tying up loose ends

Often a novel will develop various themes, ideas and stories which don’t get resolved until the last chapter of the book – there is a sort of climax accompanied by a ‘tying up of loose ends’.  This is just what we see in the book of Revelation.